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Introduction to mineralogy / William D. Nesse.

By: Nesse, William D.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: New York : Oxford University Press, c2012Edition: 2nd ed.Description: xv, 480 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm.ISBN: 9780199827381 (hardback); 0199827389 (hardback).Subject(s): MineralogyDDC classification: 549
Contents:
Machine generated contents note: -- Chapter 1. Introduction -- Minerals -- Mineraloids -- Mineralogy -- Mineral Nomenclature -- General References on Mineralogy -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading -- Chapter 2. Crystallography -- Introduction -- Translational Symmetry -- Plane Lattices -- Translational Symmetry: 3-D -- Space Lattices and Unit Cell -- Bravais Lattices & Crystal Systems -- Point Symmetry -- Reflection -- Rotation -- Inversion -- Compound Symmetry Operations -- Symmetry Notation -- 32 Point Groups -- Steno's Law -- Measurement of Crystal Angles -- Determining Crystal System and Crystal Class -- Space Groups -- Crystal Faces -- Laws of Ha©oy and Bravais -- Miller Indices -- Indices and Crystal Axes in the Hexagonal Crystal System -- Determining Miller Index -- Assigning Miller Indexes by Inspection -- Crystallographic Directions -- Zones -- Crystal Forms -- Isometric Forms -- Non-isometric Forms -- Combining Crystal Forms -- Enantiomorphous Forms and Crystals -- Positive and Negative Forms -- Forms in the Six Crystal Systems -- Triclinic Crystal System -- Monoclinic Crystal System -- Orthorhombic Crystal System -- Tetragonal Crystal System -- Hexagonal Crystal System -- Isometric Crystal System -- Crystal Habit -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading -- Chapter 3 Crystal Chemistry -- Introduction -- The Nature of Chemical Elements -- Nucleus -- Electrons -- Formation of Ions -- Abundance of the Elements -- Chemical Bonding -- Valence-related bonding -- Relation among the Valence-dependent Bonds -- Bonds Not Involving Valence Electrons -- Size of Atoms and Ions -- Oxidation State -- Coordination -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading -- Chapter 4: Crystal Structure -- Introduction -- Controls of Crystal Structure -- Structure Controls with Metallic Bonding -- Structure Controls with Covalent Bonding -- Structural Controls with Molecular Crystals -- Structure Controls with Ionic Bonding -- Application of Pauling's Rules -- Illustrating Mineral Structures -- Isostructural Minerals -- Polymorphism -- Reconstructive Polymorphism -- Displacive Polymorphism -- Order-Disorder Polymorphism -- Polytypism -- Mineral Classification -- Compositional Variation in Minerals -- Substitutional Solid Solution 4.30 -- Mineral Formulas -- Graphical Representation -- Binary diagrams -- Ternary diagrams -- References Cited & Suggestions for Additional Reading -- Chapter 5: Mineral Growth -- Introduction -- Mineral Stability 5.3 -- Stability 5.3 -- Gibbs Free Energy 5.4 -- Mineral reactions 5.6 -- Mineral Nucleation 5.9 -- Homogeneous Nucleation 5.9 -- Heterogeneous nucleation 5.15 -- Crystal Growth. 5.16 -- Rate of growth 5.18 -- Zoned Crystals 5.21 -- Structural Defects 5.25 -- Point Defects 5.26 -- Line Defects 5.28 -- Planar Defects 5.31 -- Twinning 5.33 -- Post-crystallization Processes 5.40 -- Ordering 5.40 -- Twinning 5.41 -- Recrystallization 5.41 -- Exsolution 5.43 -- Radioactivity and Minerals 5.45 -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading 5.51 -- Section II: Mineral Properties, Study, and Identification -- Chapter 6: Physical Properties of Minerals 6.1 -- Introduction 6.2 -- Mass Dependent Properties 6.2 -- Density 6.2 -- Specific Gravity 6.3 -- Properties Related to Mechanical Cohesion 6.7 -- Hardness 6.7 -- Tenacity 6.10 -- Cleavage 6.10 -- Fracture 6.12 -- Parting 6.13 -- Color and Luster 6.14 -- Light 6.14 -- Perception of Color 6.15 -- Mineral Luster 6.17 -- Mineral Color 6.18 -- Color From Mechanical Causes 6.25 -- Consistency of Mineral Color 6.27 -- Streak 6.27 -- Luminescence 6.28 -- Magnetism 6.31 -- Diamagnetism 6.32 -- Paramagnetism 6.33 -- Ferromagnetism 6.34 -- Ferrimagnetism 6.35 -- Electrical Properties 6.37 -- Electrical Conductivity 6.37 -- Piezoelectricity 6.38 -- Pyroelectricity 6.40 -- Miscellaneous Properties 6.41 -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading 6.43 -- Chapter 7: Optical Mineralogy 7.1 -- Introduction 7.3 -- Light 7.4 -- Light Waves 7.4 -- Polarized Light 7.6 -- Interaction of Light and Matter 7.7 -- Optically Isotropic vs. Anisotropic Materials 7.8 -- Reflection and Refraction 7.9 -- Dispersion 7.11 -- Pe.
Summary: "The second edition of Introduction to mineralogy follows the highly successful first edition, which become an overnight market leader. Introduction to mineralogy consolidates much of the material now covered in traditional mineralogy and optical mineralogy courses and focuses on describing minerals within their geologic context. It presents the important traditional content of mineralogy including crystallography, chemical bonding, controls on mineral structure, mineral stability, and crystal growth to provide a foundation that enables students to understand the nature and occurrence of minerals. Physical, optical, and X-ray powder diffraction techniques of mineral study are described in detail, and common chemical analytical methods are outlined as well. Detailed descriptions of over 100 common minerals are provided, and the geologic context within which these minerals occur is emphasized. Appendices provide tables and diagrams to help students with mineral identification, using both physical and optical properties. Numerous line drawings, photographs, and photomicrographs help make complex concepts understandable."--Summary: "Undergraduate textbook for mineralogy students in the department of geology"--
List(s) this item appears in: Earth Sciences | Mineralogy
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General Circulation 549 NES 2011 (Browse shelf) Available 13885

Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

Machine generated contents note: -- Chapter 1. Introduction -- Minerals -- Mineraloids -- Mineralogy -- Mineral Nomenclature -- General References on Mineralogy -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading -- Chapter 2. Crystallography -- Introduction -- Translational Symmetry -- Plane Lattices -- Translational Symmetry: 3-D -- Space Lattices and Unit Cell -- Bravais Lattices & Crystal Systems -- Point Symmetry -- Reflection -- Rotation -- Inversion -- Compound Symmetry Operations -- Symmetry Notation -- 32 Point Groups -- Steno's Law -- Measurement of Crystal Angles -- Determining Crystal System and Crystal Class -- Space Groups -- Crystal Faces -- Laws of Ha©oy and Bravais -- Miller Indices -- Indices and Crystal Axes in the Hexagonal Crystal System -- Determining Miller Index -- Assigning Miller Indexes by Inspection -- Crystallographic Directions -- Zones -- Crystal Forms -- Isometric Forms -- Non-isometric Forms -- Combining Crystal Forms -- Enantiomorphous Forms and Crystals -- Positive and Negative Forms -- Forms in the Six Crystal Systems -- Triclinic Crystal System -- Monoclinic Crystal System -- Orthorhombic Crystal System -- Tetragonal Crystal System -- Hexagonal Crystal System -- Isometric Crystal System -- Crystal Habit -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading -- Chapter 3 Crystal Chemistry -- Introduction -- The Nature of Chemical Elements -- Nucleus -- Electrons -- Formation of Ions -- Abundance of the Elements -- Chemical Bonding -- Valence-related bonding -- Relation among the Valence-dependent Bonds -- Bonds Not Involving Valence Electrons -- Size of Atoms and Ions -- Oxidation State -- Coordination -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading -- Chapter 4: Crystal Structure -- Introduction -- Controls of Crystal Structure -- Structure Controls with Metallic Bonding -- Structure Controls with Covalent Bonding -- Structural Controls with Molecular Crystals -- Structure Controls with Ionic Bonding -- Application of Pauling's Rules -- Illustrating Mineral Structures -- Isostructural Minerals -- Polymorphism -- Reconstructive Polymorphism -- Displacive Polymorphism -- Order-Disorder Polymorphism -- Polytypism -- Mineral Classification -- Compositional Variation in Minerals -- Substitutional Solid Solution 4.30 -- Mineral Formulas -- Graphical Representation -- Binary diagrams -- Ternary diagrams -- References Cited & Suggestions for Additional Reading -- Chapter 5: Mineral Growth -- Introduction -- Mineral Stability 5.3 -- Stability 5.3 -- Gibbs Free Energy 5.4 -- Mineral reactions 5.6 -- Mineral Nucleation 5.9 -- Homogeneous Nucleation 5.9 -- Heterogeneous nucleation 5.15 -- Crystal Growth. 5.16 -- Rate of growth 5.18 -- Zoned Crystals 5.21 -- Structural Defects 5.25 -- Point Defects 5.26 -- Line Defects 5.28 -- Planar Defects 5.31 -- Twinning 5.33 -- Post-crystallization Processes 5.40 -- Ordering 5.40 -- Twinning 5.41 -- Recrystallization 5.41 -- Exsolution 5.43 -- Radioactivity and Minerals 5.45 -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading 5.51 -- Section II: Mineral Properties, Study, and Identification -- Chapter 6: Physical Properties of Minerals 6.1 -- Introduction 6.2 -- Mass Dependent Properties 6.2 -- Density 6.2 -- Specific Gravity 6.3 -- Properties Related to Mechanical Cohesion 6.7 -- Hardness 6.7 -- Tenacity 6.10 -- Cleavage 6.10 -- Fracture 6.12 -- Parting 6.13 -- Color and Luster 6.14 -- Light 6.14 -- Perception of Color 6.15 -- Mineral Luster 6.17 -- Mineral Color 6.18 -- Color From Mechanical Causes 6.25 -- Consistency of Mineral Color 6.27 -- Streak 6.27 -- Luminescence 6.28 -- Magnetism 6.31 -- Diamagnetism 6.32 -- Paramagnetism 6.33 -- Ferromagnetism 6.34 -- Ferrimagnetism 6.35 -- Electrical Properties 6.37 -- Electrical Conductivity 6.37 -- Piezoelectricity 6.38 -- Pyroelectricity 6.40 -- Miscellaneous Properties 6.41 -- References Cited and Suggestions for Additional Reading 6.43 -- Chapter 7: Optical Mineralogy 7.1 -- Introduction 7.3 -- Light 7.4 -- Light Waves 7.4 -- Polarized Light 7.6 -- Interaction of Light and Matter 7.7 -- Optically Isotropic vs. Anisotropic Materials 7.8 -- Reflection and Refraction 7.9 -- Dispersion 7.11 -- Pe.

"The second edition of Introduction to mineralogy follows the highly successful first edition, which become an overnight market leader. Introduction to mineralogy consolidates much of the material now covered in traditional mineralogy and optical mineralogy courses and focuses on describing minerals within their geologic context. It presents the important traditional content of mineralogy including crystallography, chemical bonding, controls on mineral structure, mineral stability, and crystal growth to provide a foundation that enables students to understand the nature and occurrence of minerals. Physical, optical, and X-ray powder diffraction techniques of mineral study are described in detail, and common chemical analytical methods are outlined as well. Detailed descriptions of over 100 common minerals are provided, and the geologic context within which these minerals occur is emphasized. Appendices provide tables and diagrams to help students with mineral identification, using both physical and optical properties. Numerous line drawings, photographs, and photomicrographs help make complex concepts understandable."--

"Undergraduate textbook for mineralogy students in the department of geology"--

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